Beginner's Guide to Web Hosting
If people want to know the existence of your website, then trustworthy as well as a powerful web hosting is much needed. Today, many companies are offering web hosting services along with different tools that are necessary for upgrading website, before it will go live on the internet.
The web hosting plan includes bandwidth, server speed, location, datacenters, name servers, or domain name, etc. The number of these things is varying from plan to plan, and accordingly, charges are fixed. So wisely choose a plan that will suit to website needs &budget as well.
While scrolling down through the plans, many people get confused in terms such as web hosting, domain, name- servers, and datacentres. These terms are necessary and contribute to the online presence of the website. Everyone should know the basic concept of it so that you can make full use of these features.
The explanations of the above terms you might find in technical language; hence results are more confusing rather than understanding. In this post, I am trying to explain web hosting and cover other related topics in a simple language that you can understand.
What is Web Hosting?
Website hosting is the process of renting or buying web storage space on big computers called a server, to view application or website content online, which includes HTML code, CSS files, images, & videos. That can be accessed by other computers connected to the internet.
Web hosting provides the necessary services, tools, and technologies needed for websites or web pages to view online. When you purchase a web hosting service must rely on the following things,
How Does Web Hosting Works?
The website is nothing but a collection of files, images, videos, & program code. When you create a website, all these things should be stored in a secure place. Also, the website will be available for your user from any browser or platform. So, where you can find a secure place?
Web server is a safe place where all your files, assets, websites, media, database, and other related things are stored to run the website. When the user enters the domain name into the browser, the web host transfers all the requested necessary files to fulfil that request.
Many web hosting companies rent out services & tools for hosting websites. You should purchase a hosting service according to usage, memory, data bandwidth that makes the website run faster and available 24x7 without any interruption.
After purchasing a suitable hosting plan, website files are uploaded from the local computer to the web server. Once the website is hosted on a web server, by typing website address, anyone can access it on their browser. A web host is responsible for protecting the website from malicious attacks, keeping the server up & running, and transferring files, content over the server to your visitor’s browser.
In all this process, what is the role of the server? The server is a first physical computer that runs without interruption & connects other web users to your site from anywhere in the world. Hosting service providers have the superb server’s connectivity which is needed to host websites.
Such companies’ offer a variety of hosting plans, where they cover the hosting needs of the customer from small to large business organizations. Get started building your website with secure & scalable web hosting.
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Also check out the list of Top 35 Web Hosting Blogs & websites.
What is Domain Name?
A domain name is the name of the website, from which internet users can access a website. Many websites are there in the world, so among them, how can you find your website? Here, the computer uses an IP address to differentiate among the websites with its unique number series.
In terms of the internet, your computer is identified by the IP address which looks like 106.00.50.09 based on this number every website is get identified. Still, for humans, it’s not possible to remember all these number strings to access a different website.
To overcome this confusion, the domain name is used. Domain name is a combination of letters, numbers and extensions like .com, .net, .in, .co.in are used which makes it unique. Some of the web hosting services includes domain name service, or you can purchase it separate from where you want.
First, the domain name is registered with the website name & the extension; here taken care that no two websites can have the same domain name. For example - If I type www.voucherarena.in, the server will direct to go to this website and no one else’s.
Types of Domains
Top-Level Domain (TLD)
Top Level Domains are the extensions that are listed at the highest level in the domain name registration system. The most popular TLD’s among the hundreds are .org, .net & .com.
Country Code Top Level Domain (ccTLD)
Country-code top-level domain extensions are the domain names that end with specific country name extensions like .in for India, .uk for the United Kingdom, .au for Australia. These extensions are used specifically for the targeted audience in that country.
Sponsored Top Level Domain (sTLD)
This is the most valuable web extensions which are sponsored by the specific organizations to look different in such a crowd. Sponsored top-level domain extensions are the supreme extensions that represent organizations like .edu for education, .gov for the respected government of the country.
Most Popular Web Hosting Services
Shared Web Hosting
This is the most cost-effective option for entry-level or low traffic websites. Multiple website resources are hosted on a single server. According to specifications, workspace is allocated. It is like renting a room with your friends, contributing to rent and using basic services like water, electricity, furniture and the other resources among all. Learn more about shared hosting here.
VPS (Virtual Private Server) Hosting
A virtual private server is the side in between shared web hosting & dedicated web hosting services services. Here the main server is split into small virtual private servers where numbers of hosting websites are lower than the shared hosting. Here website is sharing server resources but having a lower number of other websites. This gives you more control over your website like a dedicated server.
Dedicated Web Hosting
It is one of the highest levels of a server. A dedicated web server is a first-line server that gives you full control of your website and eliminates the chance of sharing server resources with other websites. A dedicated server is allocated only for you. This makes it the most expensive web hosting service but adds different & necessary benefits into your dashboard.
Cloud-Based Web Hosting
Cloud-based is a new technology in web hosting, where the virtual remote server takes place instead of one traditional server. In the traditional server, if any problem occurred in the server, the whole system gets fails until the problem gets solved. But in cloud-based web hosting, if one remote server fails, another server takes its place and runs the system smoothly without any error.
Reseller Web Hosting
Reseller web hosting is like shared web hosting with extra tools that help you to resell hosting space that you buy. You are the “reseller” here, who is purchasing a web server and reselling it to your clients as you are the owner of the server. As the reseller, you get to choose the pricing options for your client, which creates an opportunity to make a profit.
Additional tools like Web Host Manager (WHM) are added in the control panel. Here you can provide some of those perks like free website templates, white label technical support, private name servers, and price range depending on features and resource limits.
Colocation Web Hosting
In this, you purchase a rack or the cabinet space in the colocation centre instead of private data centres. This centre will provide you with bandwidth, power, cooling system, security & IP address. This means you are responsible for the server’s software, data storage, and backup procedures.
Here you have to take care of everything like software, hardware, and other services. If anything fails in the system, you are responsible for fixing it on your own and getting the server back up and running. Unless you have any technical knowledge colocation is not worth it for you. It needs investment in time, money, & expertise for small businesses.
The need for a Web Hosting
If someone visits a website and there are problems in loading web pages like slow loading of a web page, connection timed out, page not found error occurred it doesn’t look good. The user has not that much time to wait till the page loads or error gets solved.
Users will immediately bounce on the other website of the search result, which delivers what they are looking for seamlessly. To pick out the suitable web hosting service means having access to the resource allocation to enhance the performance of your website, quick loading time as well as reliable for visitors.